What is prediabetes and how does it affect us?
Prediabetes is a situation when your blood sugar level is above the normal blood sugar level. It is a sign of severe conditions in future. When your blood sugar level is above the normal blood sugar level it shows that you could be a diabetic in future. This is not as high as it can be considered diabetes. But who have diabetes and do not take precautions on time which could lead to type 2 diabetes?
When you do not consider prediabetes serious then it changes into type 2 diabetes and when you become diabetic there could be much severe damage like nerve system damage, blood vessels damage, blurred vision, heart disease and foot damage. This is because the sugar level present in the bloodstream goes beyond the limit.
When blood sugar is high it affects blood circulation, blood can not flow properly in the vessels mainly the eyes because the eyes’ blood vessels are very tiny which causes damage.
This can be managed by changing your lifestyle and adopting a healthy diet plan in your routine. your blood sugar can be managed by following some simple tips.
What are the symptoms?
Basically, if you are prediabetic then there are very low symptoms of diabetes that you could recognise like blurred vision, frequent thrust, weakness and there could be some dark patches on your body at certain parts like the neck, armpits, and groin.
But when prediabetes progressed to type 2 diabetes there could be more symptoms of diabetes
- Increased thrust
- Frequent hunger
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Slow healing
- Unexplained weight loss
What causes prediabetes?
There is no exact reason that has been found but it could be due to many reasons like obesity, stress, or it could be a family diabetes history which could lead to diabetes.
Glucose is the primary source of energy in our body and it is obtained from the food that we eat. When we eat food our digestive system breaks down it into simple sugar or glucose this glucose enters into the cells and the insulin produced by the pancreas helps glucose to enter into the cells to transform it into energy. Insulin is a hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells and convert it into energy.
When the insulin produced from the pancreas is not adequate or not used efficiently by the cells then the blood sugar level starts increasing this is also called insulin resistance. insulin helps to maintain the blood sugar level in our body.
You should know what the complications of diabetes are.
prediabetes or diabetes has many complications which can cause if not taken precautions on time. There could be a heart attack, nerve damage, blurred vision etc if this is not controlled in time progressing to type 2 diabetes.
When prediabetes becomes diabetes it can cause-
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Kidney failure
- Nerve system damage
- High cholesterol
What are the methods to prevent prediabetes?
When you come to know about prediabetes then you should take care. This is the stage when your blood sugar is higher than normal blood sugar which means the insulin produced by the pancreas is not used efficiently by the cells which is a sign of prediabetes.
This can be controlled by following a healthy lifestyle. These are some simple tips that you should adopt to control prediabetes
Adopting a healthy lifestyle
- Eating healthy
- Exercise regularly
- Add low glycemic index food
- No smoking
- Add whole grains (because they contain fibre and take time to digest and do not spike blood sugar levels)
- Keep your blood pressure under control